Archive for October, 2014

10 OctDifferent Kinds of Radio Towers

In this day and age, when wireless communication has become indispensable, there are more uses for towers for specific purposes. Environmental monitoring systems depend heavily on tower sites especially for high rises and for remote locations. These towers are installed both for data gathering equipment as well as for communications purposes. Providing real time date from monitoring and reference sites, these radio towers are practically autonomous and non-managing for most of the time.

TowersWith radio towers, there are engineering considerations, besides the economics in deciding on location. For a complete coverage of an area, the tower location has to be carefully studied. There is also the height of the tower and the prevailing winds to consider. Too high and it could become too expensive. Environmental monitoring systems can be built into the tower with either a separate cabin on the ground or a self-contained elevated unit to house the data gathering equipment.

There are some instances when monitoring equipment need to be stand-alone or sited for specific conditions. For instance, wind monitoring towers could be setup to continuous wind monitoring. For some locations, there are also specific needs for communication towers. It is not a coincidence that mines are relatively remote; they are also self-contained communities with their own power generation units.

Mine site communications, for instance, usually rely on towers for their remote mining locations. The distances involved usually call for their own wireless communication systems. Even with mobile phone companies operating as far afield as they can, there are still some mine sites that could not be serviced. They also have their own environmental monitoring systems, of course, for real-time monitoring of regulations compliance, if needed.

Tall communications towers, as well as radio towers for cell sites may seem to come from boiler plate plans. However, the truth is that not all towers are the same size, nor do they have the same footprint. Engineers not only take a look at the ground, but also at the climate and environmental conditions. For wooded areas, towers need to be the tallest structure around. This explains why even in densely wooded and remotest areas, towers are located on top of the highest hill. For starters, it affords great line of sight accessibility for certain types of radio signals. For another, the high ground would avoid any dead spots. In the event that a tower could not be built on top of a hill, or has to be sited at a lower location has to be built taller than the surrounding ground. Other considerations may come into play just as long as communications are maintained.

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